28 TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR MENTAL DISORDERS
A ROAD TO RECOVERY
“There are numerous ways to become strong, but sometimes the greatest way is to communicate.”
Andre Agassi, Open: An Autobiography by Andre Agassi.
Psychotherapy, commonly known as ‘talk therapy,’ is a broad term for a variety of treatment procedures used to treat a variety of mental health issues.
A person with a mental health issue consults with a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other licensed medical health care specialist during therapy. In turn, the psychologist assists the patient in identifying and resolving the circumstances that contribute to the mental illness.
Understanding the behavior and feelings that contribute to the situation, such as a family death or a financial crisis, is the primary idea of psychotherapy. The psychologist can assist the person by identifying appropriate coping mechanisms and building problem–solving skills after identifying these issues.
Treatment for mental problems includes a wide range of therapy. There is no such thing as a “one-size-fits-all” strategy in psychotherapy.
The duration and severity of treatment will vary depending on the condition. Psychologists may prefer a blended approach to a single strategy, in which two or more types of psychotherapy approaches are used to tackle the problem.
The use of a variety of psychotherapy techniques aims to enhance a person’s mental health by encouraging dialog, communication, and behavioral adjustments.
Some of the most frequent types of psychotherapy for mental problems are listed below.
Best 28 Types Of Psychotherapies
ART THERAPY TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY
Art therapy is a type of psychotherapy in which the primary way of communication is the creation of art.
The goal is to assist the patient to communicate, overcome stress, settle conflicts and difficulties, and explore different elements of their own personalities through the medium of art, rather than to judge the aesthetic level of the art.
To promote and increase the well-being of people of all ages, the therapist blends the creative process of art creating with psychological procedures. In a range of residential and community-based settings, the therapist can work with individuals and groups.
PSYCHOTHERAPY WITH ATTACHMENTS
John Bowlby, a British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, became interested in child development and attachment at the end of the nineteenth century. He felt that attachment issues that occur early in life are re-enacted later in life as adults.
The converse is also true: children raised in a safe and secure environment are better able to establish a sense of self later in life.
Basic attachment styles, such as secure, ambivalent, anxious, avoidant, and disordered attachment, are identified in attachment-based psychotherapy. The therapist uses this information to help the patient understand why he feels the way he does now and in the past.
The therapy allows a person to confront underlying concerns and grieve for lost loved ones. The goal is to assist the individual in forming healthy connections and regaining control of his life.
THERAPY FOR BEHAVIORAL ISSUES
The goal of behavior therapy is to uncover underlying psychological disorders by observing overt behavior. This is frequently done without first discussing the patient’s interior mental state.
Classical conditioning is a key principle in behavioral treatment.
This hypothesis, which is based on Pavlov’s work, claims that maladaptive behavior, or learned behavior, can be recast or unlearned in reaction to particular past experiences. This therapy is very beneficial for patients who suffer from fears, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and addictions.
MODIFICATION OF BEHAVIOR
This is a sort of psychotherapy in which positive or negative reinforcements of conduct are used to change a person’s behavior.
A system of rewards is used to encourage particular behaviors with positive reinforcement. Punishment or extinction (removal of reinforcement) are two methods used in therapy to replace unwanted behavior with good behavior.
PSYCHOTHERAPY OF THE BODY
Body psychotherapy, also known as somatic psychotherapy, focuses on the mind-body connection.
Somatic manifestations are linked to the psychological process by the therapist. To solve difficulties, a variety of body-centered approaches are used, including breathing techniques, massages, exercises, and body postures.
Brief therapy, unlike other types of psychotherapy that focus on problem resolution, is a solution-based treatment in which the therapist focuses on the reasons that inhibit change today rather than looking at long-term issues that may have contributed to the situation.
This is especially useful for persons going through a difficult time, such as a job change or a divorce. The therapist looks at the person’s emotional condition to see if it’s affecting his or her ability to deal with the problem.
Once this is realized, the attention changes to restoring emotional equilibrium.
THERAPY FOR COGNITIVE ANALYSIS
Cognitive analytical therapy is a time-focused therapy developed by Anthony Ryle for the National Health Service (NHS).
It identifies procedural sequences, such as chain of thought, motivation, and emotion, to determine the fundamental cause of a problem.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
(CBT) is a combination of cognitive and behavioral therapies that focuses on thoughts, emotions, bodily sensations, and actions.
The therapist studies the patient’s perplexed or distorted thought patterns before assisting him or her in comprehending and recognizing the unfavorable habits.
These negative mental processes are attempted to be replaced with acceptable sentiments or conduct.
DANCE MOVEMENT THERAPY
(DMT) Dance movement therapy is a sort of expressive psychotherapy, similar to art therapy.
Dance movements are thought to reflect a person’s thoughts and feelings, according to therapists. They consider the mind, body, and soul to be intertwined.
“The psychotherapeutic use of movement to advance the individual’s emotional, cognitive, physical, and social integration” according to the American Dance Therapy Association.
DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOR THERAPY
(DBT) Marsha M. Linehan created this psychotherapy technique to help persons with borderline personality disorder. This is especially beneficial for persons who engage in self-destructive conduct on purpose.
This therapy can also help people with depression and social anxiety. This technique was modified from cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) to fit the demands of patients with BPD.
Acceptance strategies (which emphasize on making sense of you as a person and the things you do) and change approaches are used in the treatment (focuses on changing behavior, and finding ways to deal with distress).
It is a type of psychotherapy that involves the use of drama.
Role-playing, theater games, puppetry, mime, and storytelling are employed in this psychotherapy practice to encourage imagination, creativity, and personal growth.
Individuals or groups can explore their personal and/or social concerns in a creative atmosphere.
DESENSITIZATION AND REPROCESSING OF EYE MOVEMENT (EMDR)
Francine Shapiro created the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) approach.
This therapy, which is especially effective in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), addresses troubling aspects of past and present memories. The brain is stimulated using eye movements, bilateral tactile stimulation, and bilateral noises.
To assist people cope with the traumatic incident, this is frequently combined with pictured imagery, attention to body sensations, and other cognition strategies.
PSYCHOTHERAPY THAT EXISTS
This is a one-of-a-kind philosophical therapy that is founded on the idea that human life has no inherent or predefined value.
Individuals have complete freedom and are ultimately accountable for discovering or creating meaning in their lives.
Certain ‘givens of existence‘ such as freedom and the obligation to achieve it, the inevitability of death, loneliness, and meaninglessness, cause internal conflict.
The therapist assists the patient in gaining a new sense of awareness in the present moment. He or she recognizes that the fact that he or she exists is purely coincidental.
This allows a person to rediscover new freedom and overcome his fears.
THERAPY FOR THE FAMILY
Rather than looking at individual problems, this kind of psychotherapy focuses on family ties.
This therapy emphasizes the value of a person’s psychological health and well-being in his or her family. The therapy’s main focus is on resolving family conflicts and issues.
The therapists hope that by involving family members directly, they would be able to bring them closer together. They are then given useful solutions that will enable them to support one another and function without difficulty.
THERAPY FOR GESTALT
Fritz Perls, a Freudian analyst, developed Gestalt Therapy in the 1940s. Personal responsibility is emphasized in this experimental kind of psychotherapy.
A person can accept proper responsibility for his actions by living in the present. When a person is conscious of himself and how he or she interacts with others, old patterns of behavior can be changed, and a natural cycle of wellness can be created.
PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR A GROUP
A kind of psychotherapy in which one or two therapists collaborate with a small group of patients is known as group psychotherapy or group therapy.
Interaction between group members and the therapist(s), as well as other forms of psychotherapy techniques such as body psychotherapy, psychodrama, and movement work, can help people deal with a wide range of issues.
Group therapy can help patients with a variety of mental diseases, from emotional issues like anxiety and depression to building interpersonal skills.
PSYCHOTHERAPY THAT IS HUMANISTIC AND INTEGRATED
This approach considers humans to be fully accountable for themselves and the decisions they make, presenting an optimistic perspective of human beings and their ability to self-determine.
It is grounded in a phenomenological understanding of reality. Human dignity and the human ability for fulfillment are emphasized.
The therapist’s job is to help the patient understand his or her own personal freedom as well as his or her responsibilities to others and society.
Hypno-psychotherapy, or neuro-hypnotism, is a sort of therapy in which hypnosis is used to generate a profound state of heightened relaxation and changed consciousness.
It is founded on the belief that the unconscious mind is particularly receptive to new ideas. This aids in the treatment of a variety of mental disorders caused by stress-related illnesses, anxiety, pain, and strained relationships.
PSYCHOANALYSIS IN THE JUNGLE
Jungian psychoanalysis is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on the unconscious. Motivation, which involves both thinking and action, according to the Jungian analyst, is buried deep within your psyche.
The therapist hopes to alleviate psychological anguish and suffering by realigning the conscious and unconscious components of the personality.
PROGRAMMING IN THE NEURO-LINGUISTIC MODEL (NLP)
Neuro-linguistic programming, sometimes known as the ‘instruction handbook for your mind,’ was developed in the 1970s by Richard Bandler and John Grinder.
It examines our thinking, our linguistic patterns, and our actions. Individuals may experience a favorable or negative influence depending on how these factors interact.
- THERAPY FOR PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION
For conduct-disordered young children, this form of therapy is advised. The focus of the therapy is on modifying the parent-child interaction pattern and improving the quality of the relationship.
The therapy focuses on two types of interactions: Child-directed Interaction (CDI), a type of play therapy that aims to strengthen the parent-child relationship, and Parent-directed Interaction (PDI), in which parents learn to use specific behavior management techniques while playing with their children.
It is a type of therapy that focuses on the individual (PCT)
Person-centered counseling, developed by psychologist Carl Rogers, is a talk therapy that, unlike diagnostic and prescriptive methods to psychotherapy, focuses on the counselor-client relationship.
Because the persons seeking treatment are referred to as clients rather than patients, this approach is also known as client-centered therapy. The client and counselor are thought to have a genuine and deep relationship.
The counselor aims to increase the client’s personal strength.
PSYCHOTHERAPY WITH PSYCHODYNAMICS
Psychodynamic psychotherapy tries to uncover the unconscious material of the client’s psyche through past experiences in order to bring healing from psychic difficulties.
Psychosynthesis, created by Roberto Assagioli, combines many psychotherapy approaches such as psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, and transpersonal psychology.
The key to progress, according to Assagioli, is the superconsciousness, or the area of the mind with the greatest potential. This could lead to mental health issues if it is suppressed.
Human consciousness is divided into three categories in his fundamental model: ‘Lower, Middle, and Higher Unconscious.’
- The Lower Unconscious considers origin
- The Middle the present or here-and-now
- The Higher, the future possibilities.
THERAPY FOR RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOR (REBT)
Albert Ellis, an American psychotherapist and psychologist, invented rational emotive behavior therapy, commonly known as rational therapy.
People are affected not just by unfortunate adversities, but also by how they construct their perspectives about themselves, others, and the world through evaluative ideas, language, meanings, and ideologies, according to this therapy.
BRIEF THERAPY WITH A SOLUTION FOCUS
Instead of focusing on past problems that may have motivated them to seek treatment. This talking therapy focuses on what clients desire to achieve in the present and future through therapy.
ANALYSIS OF TRANSACTIONS (TA)
Transactional analysis is an integrative method that uses the ego-state paradigm to describe how humans are constructed psychologically.
It has roots in psychoanalysis, humanism, and cognitive approaches.
Our ego-states are divided into three categories:
There are ‘transactions’ between these components, and one self is prominent throughout each social contact.
The client has the option of adopting one or more parts and changing his behavior as a result. If there are unmet needs from childhood, for example, they can be addressed by dealing with the inner child self.
PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR TRANSPERSONS
The spiritual aspect of human experiences is studied in this style of psychotherapy.
It is interested in people’s mystical and enlarged experiences. Transpersonal psychotherapy is defined as “the study of humanity’s fullest potential, and with the recognition, comprehension, and realization of unitive, spiritual, and transcendent states of consciousness” according to the Journal of Transpersonal Psychology.
This list of psychotherapy approaches is not comprehensive, but it does include some of the more commonly utilized methods. The goal of these therapies is to provide you with the necessary abilities to help you control and manage with various situations.