The 10 Main Types of Mental Illnesses – Part II

Anxiety, Mental Disorders, Stress

PERSONALITY DISORDERS TYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESSES

People with personality disorders are those who do not fit into our society’s predetermined set of behavioral and mental features.

This might lead to major issues in your personal life as well as at business. According to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

The top ten personality disorders split into three clusters.

Among them are:

  • Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD) is characterized by a widespread suspicion of others, suspicious thinking, paranoia, and a continual search for danger.
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder: A person with schizoid personality disorder avoids other people and is typically uninterested in them. He or she may be uninterested in social relationships or unable to convey emotions.

Excessive dressing styles, strange beliefs in magic and the supernatural, social withdrawal, paranoid thinking, and suspicious thinking are all prevalent characteristics of schizotypal personality disorder. Excessive social anxiety and a lack of close acquaintances and confidantes characterize the person with this illness.

  • Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) is characterized by a person’s tendency to violate and exploit others’ rights. Along with a lack of empathy or care for others, the individual may engage in some criminal action on a regular basis.
  • Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by unstable interpersonal connections, significant mood swings, unpredictable, frequently self-destructive behaviors, and changes in self-image.
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD): Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance and a need for continual attention. They are typically caught between insecurity and admiration for themselves, and are particularly sensitive to failure.
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder: People with histrionic personality disorder display emotions in exaggerated, often dramatic ways, are readily swayed by situations, are too concerned with their physical appearance, and have a constant craving for excitement. Looking for praise, manipulating others to fulfill their own demands, and having easily damaged feelings are some of the telltale indications.
  • People with avoidant personality disorder are quiet and reticent throughout their lives. They may be easily hurt by rejection, and their ideas are constantly clouded by their own flaws.
  • Dependent Personality Disorder: People with dependent personality disorder are completely reliant on others to meet their physical and emotional requirements. They avoid personal responsibility, are easily offended by criticism, and in any relationship, they always feel helpless and alone. Their capacity to make decisions is impaired, and they have difficulty expressing themselves when they disagree.
  • Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder: Is there a person who is obsessed with rules, cleanliness, and orderliness?  Is there someone who is obsessed with rules, cleanliness, and orderliness? These could be signs of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The individual would be rigid and fixated on details and regulations all of the time. He or she could be unable to show people affection or charity. Obsession must have a detrimental impact on a person’s life and relationships with others in order to be categorized as a disorder.

The Top 14 SEXUAL Medical CONDITIONS

  • Dyspareunia, often known as painful intercourse, is a condition that can be caused by a number of physical and physiological reasons. Anxiety, stress, relationship issues, and fear of intimacy are just a few of the psychological reasons that can cause pain during sexual activity.
  • Exhibitionism is defined as the act of exhibiting one’s private parts in public for the purpose of receiving immediate enjoyment.
  • Orgasmic Disorders in Women and Men: Orgasmic disorder is defined as when orgasm does not occur or occurs late as a result of a variety of psychological issues such as anxiety and stress.
  • Female Sexual Arousal Disorder (also known as frigidity) is characterized by a lack of enthusiasm or pleasure during sexual activity. They may want to avoid having sexual contact with their partner. This sexual illness in women might be caused by psychological issues such as anger, despair, a lack of trust, or a high level of conflict in the relationship.
  • Fetishism is a sort of sexual dysfunction defined by sexual activity and fantasies directed at an inanimate object.
  • Frotteurism is a sexual disorder in which a person gets sexual fantasies and impulses when stroking or caressing someone who is not consenting.
  • Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is a condition in which a person identifies more with the opposite sex than with their own. He or she may believe that being born as the opposite gender would have been preferable.
  • Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is a condition in which a person’s sexual impulses and fantasies are persistently absent. This ailment must have a negative impact on the person’s interpersonal connections or create significant distress in order to be labeled a psychological disorder.
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED) in men is the inability to maintain an erection. It is also known as impotence. Erectile dysfunction can be caused by psychological issues such as sadness, anxiety, and relationship troubles, in addition to medical causes such as hormonal or circulatory abnormalities.
  • Pedophilia is a type of mental illness in which men and women aged sixteen or older have a sexual attraction to children under the age of thirteen, commonly known as prepubescents. The person must be five years older than the child and have fantasies, behaviors, or sexual impulses with a youngster younger than thirteen years old, according to DSM IV diagnostic criteria.
  • Premature Ejaculation: When a guy ejaculates before his partner wants him to during a sexual encounter, it is known as premature ejaculation. Anxiety, guilt, and overwhelming stimulation are the most common causes.
  • Sex Addiction: Sex addiction, also known as sexual addiction, is a compulsion to engage in sexual activity. This frequently disrupts a person’s life, placing him or her in risk physically and mentally.
  • Sexual Masochism is a sort of sexual dysfunction in which a person obtains sexual pleasure and fulfillment from inflicting pain on another person. The person may have dreams or actions involving physical pain, such as being beaten or tied, or they may only be subjected to verbal humiliation and insults.
  • Voyeurism is a sexual illness in which a person gets sexual pleasure and enjoyment from seeing other people get undressed, undress, or engage in sexual actions.

DIFFICULTIES IN SLEEPING

  • Hypersomnia is a condition that affects a person for a long time, usually longer than three months, and is characterized by extreme sleepiness during the day. The individual is sluggish and unable to function in society.

Primary and recurrent hypersomnias are the two types of hypersomnia. People with recurring hypersomnia will experience two to three days of excessive sleepiness throughout the course of two to three years, as opposed to people with main hypersomnia who will have recurring sleepiness for a long time.

  • Insomnia is a condition in which a person cannot fall or stay asleep. Insomniacs have difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently, waking up too early, and remaining exhausted even after waking up. Significant stress, sadness, and worry, as well as issues with attention and memory, and mental disorders such as bipolar disorder or obsessive compulsive disorder, are all psychological causes of insomnia.
  • Nightmare Condition: A type of sleep disorder in which a person is plagued by nightmares while sleeping. People who suffer from this condition have vivid horrific visions in which their safety or self-esteem is jeopardized.

It can cause a lot of pain in a person’s life and make it difficult for them to function in social and occupational situations. Extreme psychological stressors, such as car accidents or the death of a loved one, are frequently the catalysts for this.

  • Sleep Terror Disorder (also known as night terrors) is characterized by a person waking up with intense fear or dread. Children and, in rare situations, adults are affected by this condition. The youngster could be terrified and inconsolable when they wake up. They might thrash their limbs or show signs like heavy sweating, a racing heart, or sleepwalking.
  • Sleepwalking Disorder: Sleepwalking disorder occurs when a person gets out of bed and walks or does other activities while still sleeping. When a person wakes up, he or she may or may not recall what they did while sleeping.

Sleepwalking disorder can be caused by a lack of sleep, persistent stress, or psychiatric illnesses such as panic attacks or multiple personality disorder.

  • Oneirophrenia is a condition caused by a lack of sleep for a lengthy period of time or by using certain psychotropic drugs. Illusions, hallucinations, and other mental health issues characterize this state of mind.
  • Parasomnias is an umbrella word describing a variety of unusual movements, behavior, or perceptions that occur during sleeping, between sleep stages, and when waking up. Parasomnias come in a variety of forms.

The 10 Main Reasons For Parasomnias

  1. Sleepwalking
  2. Nightmares
  3. Terrors at night
  4. Pounding on the skull (Rhythmic Movement Disorder)
  5. Talking in bed
  6. Leg cramps in the night
  7. Insomnia
  8. Bruxism is a condition in which the teeth grind against one other (Teeth grinding)
  9. Enuresis is a condition in which a person cannot sleep (Bed wetting)Heart beats that are out of sync
  10. Erections brought on by sleep

A RANGE OF MENTAL ILLNESSES

  • Disorders of Adaptation: An adjustment disorder develops when a severe stressor or event disrupts a person’s life and he or she is unable to cope with the changes. Adjustment disorders are very frequent, and they can affect anyone, including children and adults.

Some of the symptoms of this disorder include hopelessness, intense melancholy, anxiety, sleep issues, worry, and overwhelm. Suicidal thoughts or destructive actions may be displayed by the individual.

  • Conversion Disorder is a mental condition characterized by neurological symptoms such as blindness, paralysis, numbness, and speech impairment. These symptoms are frequently unrelated to any underlying medical issue.

A set of mental diseases in which a person knowingly feigns an illness and its symptoms. People suffering with factitious disorder may lie about their symptoms, change diagnostic tests, or even harm themselves in order to elicit symptoms.

Factitious disorders are classified into four categories according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV).

The Top 4 Factitious Disorders Categories

  • Psychological symptoms dominate this factitious disease.
  • Mostly physical signs of a fictitious disorder.
  • Psychological and bodily manifestations of a fictitious condition
  • Other than that, it’s a fictitious illness.

Unlike somatization condition, where the person genuinely experiences the symptoms, factitious disorders are defined by the person purposefully simulating the symptoms of the illness without truly experiencing it.

This disorder can be caused by a history of neglect, abuse as a kid, or long-term sickness in close family members.

  • Fregoli delusion: People who suffer from Fregoli delusion believe that a single person disguises himself and appears as various people to punish them. Some of the frequent symptoms of this disease include hallucinations, trouble retaining visual recall, delusions, and a loss of self-awareness and monitoring.
  • Somatization Disorder, commonly known as hysteria or Briquet’s condition, is a type of somatization disorder. It is characterized by persons frequently complaining of discomfort caused by particular conditions despite the absence of medical evidence or a physical cause.

In this situation, the person is aware of the condition’s symptoms and even feels the discomfort it causes. People with chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome are more likely to develop this condition.

  • Shared psychotic disorder, also known as folie á deux, occurs when an otherwise healthy individual begins to believe in the delusional views of a psychotic person with whom he or she has a close relationship. This is a highly rare occurrence that only occurs in very long-term relationships.
  • Substance Abuse is defined as the hazardous use of psychoactive substances such as drugs, tobacco, and alcohol, which leads to a reliance on these substances. Even though the person is aware of the substance’s dangers, he or she continues to use it.

Conclusion

This list of mental illnesses has attempted to include the mental disorders that are generally recognized by psychiatrists and health professionals around the world. But it is not exhaustive.

Some of these mental diseases, as well as their symptoms, may fall into multiple categories. What’s vital is to be aware of these mental health problems’ warning signs.

Assessment of the situation and prompt treatment, whether in the form of counseling or medication, can assist to avert a serious and debilitating psychiatric problem.

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ABOUT ME


Hi, I'm Laura and welcome to my blog.

I've been interested in the human mind since I was a child and that's the reason why I became a psychologist. I thought I had everything figured out, but it turned out I was suffering from anxiety for at least ten years without even noticing it. With the help of what I already knew, and some of my friends/colleagues, I compiled a list of articles that helped me go through my anxiety and get to the other side of the tunnel.

Thanks for stopping by, and I hope you find something to help you along the way.

Laura

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