Top 15 Symptoms Of Depression | The Types of Mood Disorders

Mental Disorders


A mood disorder is defined as a disruption in an individual’s current psychological state.

According to the National Mental Health Association, 30 percent to 70 percent of suicide cases are caused by persons who are depressed in some way.

It is defined by a disruption in a person’s emotional state, and it can take many forms. Depression, mania, or a combination of these can cause mood disorders.

Depressive, bipolar, and substanceinduced mood disorders are the three types of mood disorders. Depressive and bipolar illnesses are further divided into several forms of depressions, while drug-induced disorders are categorized according to the chemical substance that causes the problem.


The symptoms of major depressive disorder include a gloomy mood, a loss of happiness and hope, as well as feelings of worthlessness, guilt, emptiness, and nervousness. The person may suffer a lack of appetite or an increase in hunger, as well as difficulties with focus, memory, and decision-making.

Suicidal ideation is also possible. A major depressive episode is defined as the occurrence of all of these symptoms at the same time.

Unipolar depression refers to a state of depression that is not accompanied by emotions of mania, whereas bipolar depression refers to a state of depression that is accompanied by feelings of mania.

These depressive illnesses can be further divided into the following categories.

Weight gain due to increased eating, excessive sleep, and heaviness in the limbs are all symptoms of atypical depression. Getting hypersensitive to rejection and a social life that is disrupted.

Catatonic depression is a severe form of serious depression marked by impaired motor ability. Catatonic depression patients may have strange bodily motions or spells of absolute immobility.

Melancholic depression is characterized by a loss of enjoyment in everyday activities, feelings of guilt, and grieving over loss. People who suffer from melancholic sadness tend to lose a lot of weight.

Early in the morning, the symptoms may become more severe.

Minor depression: When symptoms last for at least two weeks but do not fulfill the criteria for major depression, the disease is referred to as minor depressive disorder.

Dysthymia has symptoms that are comparable to those of unipolar depression, however they are less severe and stay longer. Changes in eating, sleep patterns, weariness, low self-esteem, and difficulties concentrating are among them.

Depressed mood that lasts for at least two years is referred to as double depression. Major depressive episodes occur on a regular basis.

Females experience postpartum depression after giving birth to a child. Symptoms usually appear three months after labor and might continue up to three months.

Delusions and hallucinations are common symptoms of psychotic sadness. The contents of the dismal themes frequently correspond to the illusions.

Recurrent brief depression differs from major depressive illnesses in that it lasts for a shorter period of time. Patients with recurrent short depression have depressed episodes around once a month that last two or three days.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): As the name implies, this condition is characterized by a seasonal pattern, with those affected experiencing depression symptoms throughout the winter months. The absence of sunlight throughout the winter months is to blame for these gloomy sensations.

Depressive Illness Not Otherwise Specified (DD-NOS) is a condition in which symptoms are present but do not meet the diagnostic criteria for any specific disorder.

BIPOLAR DISORDER is a type of bipolar disorder.

It’s a mood illness marked by alternating bouts of depression and mania. There are changes in an individual’s mood and conduct as they transition from a manic state to a depressive condition.

The state is called mixed when the symptoms are a mix of those seen in both manic and depressive states.

Bipolar disorder is less common, although it is also known to go undetected frequently. Bipolar disorder usually appears in late adolescence or early adulthood.

It’s referred to as early-onset bipolar disorder in youngsters. Mood swings and other symptoms are more common in them than in adults with bipolar disorder.

Bipolar I is defined by a history of manic episodes, which may or may not be accompanied by depressive episodes.

Bipolar II is characterized by mania and depression that come and go. Depression may be interspersed by hypomanic episodes, which are characterized by weaker mania symptoms that are visible but do not hinder one’s ability to work.

Hypomanic episodes are accompanied by milder mood abnormalities in cyclothymia. There are no full-blown manic or significant depression episodes.

When an individual exhibits certain symptoms of bipolar illness but does not satisfy the diagnostic criteria for any specific kind of bipolar disorder, the condition is known as Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified.


These mood disorders are caused by a pharmacological agent or drug that affects one’s psychological state, as the term implies. Individuals who are addicted to a substance or who are withdrawing from it may experience manic or depressed episodes.

Heavy drinkers are more likely to feel depression, according to research. Suicidal ideation is also possible.

Moderate to moderate drinkers may experience euphoria, mood swings, a feeling of being high, and a loss of impulse control. When an individual’s alcohol addiction is combined with high levels of mental stress, he or she may resort to violence.

Withdrawing from alcohol produces weariness, insomnia, a loss of interest in sex, and mood swings.

Caffeine-induced anxiety: Caffeine, when eaten in excess, can cause anxiety and even panic attacks in certain people.

Nicotine-induced sadness: Nicotine addiction can lead to symptoms of depression. Nicotine withdrawal causes symptoms that are comparable to those of alcohol withdrawal.

Nervous System Stimulants: Intoxication with these chemicals causes concentration and attention issues. It’s possible that you’ll notice a decrease in mental function.

Depression and weariness are among its withdrawal symptoms. Long-term use of stimulants like amphetamine has an effect on the brain, causing long-term attention and memory problems.

Mood disorders caused by these stimulants and alcohol can have symptoms that are similar to bipolar disorder.

Because of opiates: opiates cause sensations of euphoria. Long-term use of these drugs can lead to depression.

Withdrawing from these causes anxiousness and physical aches. Anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances are all possible withdrawal effects.

Sedatives-induced Mood Disorders:

Symptoms are similar to those seen in alcohol-induced mood disorders. Withdrawing off sedatives causes anxiety, melancholy, and sleep disturbances.

In the most extreme situations, hallucinations may occur.

Individuals that use hallucinogens have delusions and hallucinations. Psychotic and depressive responses are also possible.


When it can be determined that the symptoms are a result of the psychological impact of the medical illness, rather than just a physiological response to it, a mood disorder can be identified as one caused by a general medical condition.

Mood problems can be caused by endocrine system diseases, Parkinson’s disease, nervous system abnormalities, and cardiovascular diseases. Depressed people are affected by extremely painful or incurable ailments.

Suicidal ideation may be present in some patients.


Mood disorder not otherwise specified, or MD-NOS, is a mood disorder that does not match the criteria for any specific illness. MD-NOS is a disorder that includes both mood and anxiety disorders, as well as moderate depression.

Changes in behavior and spells of melancholy, anxiety, and agitation are all signs of mood disorders. People with mood disorders experience bouts of sadness or over-excitement, as well as an odd and abrupt change in their behavior.

Irritability and despair are common sentiments they have. Some mental disorders are characterized by a loss of appetite that leads to weight loss, whereas others are characterized by overeating that leads to weight gain.

Neurotransmitter imbalances are thought to be one of the causes of mood disorders, particularly depression and bipolar disorder. Depression can be caused by hormonal abnormalities.

Excessive mental stress, or the inability to cope with it, can lead to mood disorders. These illnesses are also known to run in families as a result of particular hereditary features.

Bipolar mood disorder, for example, is passed down down the generations. Adjustment difficulties can cause depressive symptoms.

A stressful occurrence, such as a failure, a family difficulty, or a relationship problem, among others, can cause sadness that lasts for a few months and then subsides once the stressor is eliminated. There is no way to classify this as a significant depressive disorder.


PMDD, which is more severe than premenstrual syndrome, affects 3% to 8% of women during their reproductive years. Low energy, weariness, loss of interest in daily tasks, emotions of despair, anxiety, and impatience are all symptoms.

It’s also possible to notice messed-up eating and sleeping habits.


It was only recently classified as a psychiatric disorder. It impacts a person’s social life and is characterized by frequent temper tantrums, chronic irritation, and overreactions in youngsters.

The symptoms of the illness must have started before the age of ten and continued for at least one year in order to be categorized as DMDD.

A few facts:

➺ atypical depression is four times more common in women than in men, according to studies.

➺ The most prevalent mood disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.

➺ Mood disorders in children and teenagers are among the most underdiagnosed mental health issues, according to studies.

Catatonia is most commonly noticed in older people with severe depression, according to studies.

➺ If one or both parents have a mood problem, a kid is more likely to have one as well. A girl kid is more likely to develop a mood problem if her mother has a mood condition. A father’s offspring is more likely to have a mental disorder if he inherits the trait from his father.

Siblings and close relatives of people with mood disorders are more likely to get the disease themselves.

➺ Major depressive disorder is the leading cause of disability in Americans aged 15 to 44, according to the World Health Organization.

Women are more likely than men to suffer from depression, dysthymic disorder, and seasonal affective disorder, according to the Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA). Both men and women can be affected by bipolar disorder.

➺ According to a CMHA article, roughly 3.5 percent of children and 3-7 percent of teenagers are diagnosed with depression, with bipolar illness being found in many cases between the ages of 15 and 19.

➺ According to a survey by Mental Health America, around 20% of persons in the United States have at least one depressive symptom per month, and 12% have two or more depressive symptoms per year.


Psychiatric research has discovered an odd link between mood disorders and creativity. One’s creative levels are found to surge during a manic episode, which is marked by increased energy, inflated self-esteem, and emotions of great pleasure.

In a manic episode, a person may become deeply involved in a pleasurable pastime, engage in a goal-oriented activity, and have several ideas (that could be termed out-of-the-box). This might result in a fantastic exhibition of ingenuity.

Kay Redfield Jamison, an American clinical psychologist and writer, has written a book called Touched with Fire: Manic-Depressive Illness and the Artistic Temperament, which details her research on mood illness rates among persons who work in creative industries.

She’s also talked about how bipolar disorder can run in families who work in creative fields.

Mood disorders require quick attention. When it comes to giving the proper medication, identifying the health problem as a mood illness and making the proper diagnosis are critical.

The treatment is determined by the patient’s physical and emotional health, as well as the external variables that influence his well-being. Antidepressant medications (for depression), mood stabilizers (for bipolar disorder), and psychological assistance are among the treatment options.

Mood problems are routinely treated using cognitive behavioral therapy. It enables the patient to understand how his mood influences his ideas and conduct, as well as assisting him in combating the problem.

Interpersonal treatment can aid in the patient’s social interaction improvement. Electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) can be used when psychotherapy and drugs have failed to assist.

Family and friends can be quite helpful in helping a patient manage with his mood problem. However, self-help through a healthy diet, regular exercise, appropriate sleep, sociability, and stress management may be the most effective way to manage mood issues.

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